In the event of an Anhydrous Ammonia emergency, such as a leak or spill, the following actions should be taken:
1. Leave the Vicinity
Due to the toxic nature of Anhydrous Ammonia, all individuals should immediately leave the vicinity of the leak or spill.
2. Contact emergency services
As soon as the area is evacuated, dial the appropriate emergency number for your region to report the incident. Do not forget to also call OOMIAK on 1300 731 699
3. Activate your Emergency Response Plan (ERP)
Every facility using Anhydrous Ammonia should have a comprehensive Emergency Response Plan (ERP) in place. This plan should be implemented immediately upon discovery of a leak or spill.
4. If in doubt activate the emergency stop button
This will remove ignition energy from the plantroom in case a flammable atmosphere could be generated. This may also reduce the impact of the release overall.
5. Cordon off the area
Secure the site and where possible the affected area should be cordoned off to prevent individuals from accidentally entering the dangerous area.
6. Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
If trained personnel need to enter the area for emergency response purposes, they MUST wear the appropriate PPE, including respiratory protection and protective clothing.
7. Ventilate the area
If the incident occurs indoors, use fans or other ventilation systems to disperse the gas if it’s safe to do so.
8. Seek medical attention
If any individual has been exposed to the chemical, seek immediate medical attention. While waiting for medical assistance, remove any contaminated clothing and flush exposed skin and eyes with plenty of water.
Remember, handling Anhydrous Ammonia emergencies requires specific training. Always defer to trained emergency personnel in such situations.